Highlights of the Supreme Court Judgement:
- Grant of licences were wholly arbitrary, capricious, illegal, unconstitutional and contrary to the public interest, violative of doctrine of equality.
- Government should have adopted the policy of auction instead of first-come-first served basis, which is flawed.
- TRAI adopted lopsided approach in recommending grant of 2G spectrum at 2001 prices.
- Rejects government stand that the policy matters cannot come under judicial review.
- A Raja ignored advice of Law Minister and the PM.
- Costs of Rs five crore each imposed on three companies Etisalat DB Telecom Pvt Ltd (Swan Telecom Ltd), Unitech Wireless Group and Tata Teleservices Ltd.
- Costs of Rs 50 lakh each slapped on Loop Telecom Pvt Ltd, S-Tel, Allianz Infratech and Sistema Shyam Tele Services Ltd.
- Fifty per cent of the costs would be deposited with the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee and rest with the Prime Minister's Relief Fund.
- Auctioning 2G spectrum could have enriched the nation.
- The process of grant of LoIs was stage managed as firms which applied prior were pushed down in the priority list.
- The cancellation would become operative after 4 months.
- TRAI would make fresh recommendations on auctioning the 2G licences.
- SC asks probe agencies and special CBI judge to remain unaffected of its verdict.
- It refuses to cancel licences other than those granted by Raja in 2008.
- It suggests government to follow the auction of natural resources to avoid arbitrariness & illegality.
In a huge embarrassment to the Government and a jolt to the telecom sector, the Supreme Court today cancelled 122 2G licences granted during the tenure of former telecom minister A. Raja declaring it as "illegal" and blamed the government's flawed first-come-first served policy.
Bringing the curtains down on the controversial allocation by Raja in 2008, the court strongly indicted him over the manner in which he manipulated the issue of licenses and ordered that the licenses in 22 circles be sold by auction for which the TRAI will make fresh recommendations.
A two-judge bench comprising justices G.S. Singhvi and A.K. Ganguly allowed the impugned licenses to run for four months after which the cancellation order will become operative.
The court imposed heavy costs of Rs five crore on Etisalat DB Telecom Pvt Ltd (Swan Telecom Ltd), Unitech Wireless Group and Tata Teleservices Ltd, who were benefited by a "wholly arbitrary and unconstitutional" action of award of licenses to them and for off-loading their stakes for many thousand crores in the name of fresh infusion of equity or transfer of equity.
It ordered Loop Telecom Pvt Ltd, S-Tel, Allianz Infratech and Sistema Shyam Tele Services Ltd, who were also beneficiary of the decision, to pay a cost of Rs 50 lakhs each.
The apex court said the allocation of of the 2G spectrum under Raja was "wholly arbitrary, capricious and contrary to public interest apart from being in violation of the doctrine of equality" to "favour some companies at the cost of the public exchequer".
The bench, while pointing out serious lapses by the DoT slammed the department and Raja for not heeding to the Prime Minister's advise that "transparency" and "fairness" should be adopted in the allocation of scarce spectrum.'Lopsided' Approach by TRAI
It also criticised the TRAI's role in the entire episode saying that the regulator's approach was "lopsided" and "contrary to the decision taken by the Council of Ministers" and its recommendations became a "handle" for Raja who "virtually gifted away the important national asset at throw away prices".
Rejecting the Attorney General's arguments that the government's policy decision for private sector participation cannot be scrutinised by the court, the bench cited earlier judgments including the Reliance gas dispute and said that it is the solemn duty of the state to protect the national interest.
"National resources be always be used in the interest of the country and not private interests," it said.
The court said that it cannot be denied that TRAI is an expert body but in view of the facts that have emerged in the case "we have no hesitation to record a finding that the recommendations made by TRAI were flawed in many respects and implementation thereof by the DoT resulted in gross violation of the objectives of national policy on telecom, 1999."
The Centre adopted a wrong policy of first-come-first served in allocating the "scarce" resource at a "throw away price" to "favour" some corporates, it said.
The court said that it had no doubt that if the method of auction had been adopted for grant of licence, which could be the only rational transparent method for distribution of national wealth, the nation would have been enriched by "many thousand crores".A. Raja's Leadership 'Arbitrary'
"The exercise undertaken by the officers of the DoT between September, 2007 and March 2008, under the leadership of the then telecom minister A Raja was wholly arbitrary, capricious and contrary to public interest apart from being violative of the doctrine of equality," the court said.
Detailing the way Raja issued licenses, the court said "Not only this, within few hours of the receipt of the suggestion made by the Prime Minister in his November 2, 2007 letter that keeping in view the inadequacy of spectrum, transparency and fairness should be maintained in the matter of allocation of the spectrum, the Minister rejected the same by saying that it will be unfair, discriminatory, arbitrary and capricious to auction the spectrum to new applicants because it will not give them level playing field".
It said Raja took an arbitrary action of advancing the cut off date from October 1, 2007 to September 25, 2007, which was "actually intended to benefit some of the real estate companies who did not have any experience in dealing with telecom services".
"He (Raja) simultaneously introduced cut off date as 25.9.2007 for consideration of the applications received for grant of licence despite the fact that only one day prior to this, press release was issued by the DoT fixing 1.10.2007 as the last date for receipt of the applications.
"This arbitrary action of the Minister of C&IT though appears to be innocuous was actually intended to benefit some of the real estate companies who did not have any experience in dealing with telecom services and who had made applications only on 24.9.2007, i.e. one day before the cut off date fixed by the Minister of C&IT on his own," the bench said.CBI Ordered to Submit Status Report
The Supreme Court also asked the CBI to file status reports on its
ongoing probe into the case to the Central
Vigilance Commission (CVC).
The court's decision came on a plea for setting up a Special
Investigation Team (SIT) to look into the 2G case. The bench asked CBI
to submit status reports on further investigation into the matter to the
CVC which will assist the court.
Hailing the order, Swamy said the court's direction is a "de facto SIT"
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